When Steve Jobs released the first-ever smartphone back in 2008, people were really skeptical about it. How does this thing with no physical buttons on the screen be able to help us communicate with other people; let alone do other features? But, as time progresses, it has matured to a point that we not only use the device for calls or texts, but it can also be used as a means for media consumption, playing games, and for productivity purposes, among many other things.

Then, Google wants to get in on the action by providing the consumers another operating system in the form of Android and both Google and Apple are releasing new versions of their mobile operating systems to ensure that everything will be great across the board.
That being said, this presents a lot of problems for app developers, specifically in terms of making sure that the application is compatible, as well as having all of the features that people actually want. So today, I am going to talk about the top 3 challenges I think that developers face during the creation of the application.

Device and Vendor Fragmentation

The very first thing that app developers would have to face is vendor fragmentation. For a time, there were three key players in the market: Google’s Android OS, Windows Mobile, and Apple’s iOS. Although the Windows OS is no longer a thing, there is still Android and iOS that developers have to think about. You see, every operating system would require a different programming language. For Android, developers would have to use Java. For iOS, they may have to use Swift or Objective-C.

In addition, they would also have to make use of development tools that are apt for the operating system that they want to create apps for. This means that an app development company would have to have developers that are great in creating Android Apps and some should be well-versed in building iOS apps. Not to mention that you also have to think about device fragmentation as well, since on the Android side alone, you have to think about a lot of hardware and device configurations.

Device Fragmentation

Taking it a step further, device fragmentation is where the developers would have to think about creating an app that can be used on a variety of different phone configurations. iOS app developers need not worry about this since there are only a handful of Apple devices being released annually, but that is not the case with Android phones.

There are literally a lot of different brands, phones, and device configurations that you have to think about. Not only that but you also have to think about the screen resolution, aspect ratio, and the performance package as well.
As an app developer, you need to be building something that the vast majority of people are going to be able to use on their own devices.

What Development Approach to Use

Both clients and developers alike would have to think about what development approach to use. For clients, it is a matter of how much money they’re going to spend on the project. For developers, they have to think about native app development, as well as Hybrid or HTML5.

In most cases, you want an app that can be used no matter what operating system there is. This is so that you can have the maximum range of followers and people can use your application regardless of the mobile operating system. However, that may not bode well in terms of performance. So really, it is up to you what you want to build as there are clear pros and cons.